Product descriptionSafety INDICATIONS Fluoxetine is used for treating premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), a severe form of premenstrual syndrome. Fluoxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). It works by restoring the balance of serotonin, a natural substance in the brain, which helps to improve mood.
Antidepressant group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Timoanalepticheskim and has a stimulating effect.
Selectively blocking reverse neuronal uptake of serotonin (5 HT) neurotransmission in the neurons of the central nervous system. Inhibition of reuptake of serotonin leads to increasing the concentration of the neurotransmitter in the synaptic cleft, and amplifies its effect on ppolongiruet postsinapticheskie petseptopnyeuchastki. By increasing serotonergic transmission, the mechanism of the negative membrane due fluoxetine inhibits neurotransmitter exchange. With prolonged use of fluoxetine inhibits the activity of 5-HT1 receptors. It has little effect on the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine.It has no direct effect on serotonin, m-cholinergic, histamine H1, and adrenergic receptors alpha. Unlike most antidepressants cause a decrease in postsynaptic activity of beta-adrenergic receptors.Effective with endogenous depression and obsessive-compulsive disorders. Has anorectic action can cause weight loss. It does not cause orthostatic hypotension, sedation, nekardiotoksichen. Persistent clinical effect occurs within 1-2 weeks of treatment.
When administered drug is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract (up to 95% of the dose), the use of food slows the absorption of fluoxetine significantly. Cmax plasma levels are reached in 6-8 hours. The bioavailability after oral administration of fluoxetine is greater than 60%. The drug was well accumulates in the tissues, readily crosses the blood-brain barrier, binding to plasma proteins is 90%.It is metabolized in the liver by demethylation to the active metabolite nor fluoxetine and several unidentified metabolites. Excreted by the kidneys as metabolites (80%) and bowel (15%), mainly in the form of glucuronides.T1 / 2 fluoxetine after reaching equilibrium concentration in plasma is about 4-6 days. T1 / 2 of the active metabolite, norfluoxetine with single dose and after reaching equilibrium concentration in the plasma is from 4 to 16 days. In patients with hepatic failure half-life of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine is prolonged.
The drug is taken orally, at any time, regardless of the meal.
doldrums The initial dose is 20 mg 1 time / day in the first half of the day, regardless of meals. If necessary, the dose may be increased to 40-60 mg / day, divided into 2-3 doses (20mg / day weekly). The maximum daily dose – 80 mg 2-3 reception.The recommended dose is 20-60 mg / day.
You can not use the drug simultaneously with MAO inhibitors, including antidepressants – MAO inhibitors; furazolidone, procarbazine, selegiline, and tryptophan (a precursor of serotonin), as may develop serotonin syndrome, which manifests itself in confusion, hypomania, agitation, convulsions, dysarthria, hypertensive crisis, chills, tremors, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
Conditions and terms
In a dry, dark place at a temperature no higher than 25 ° C. Keep out of the reach of children. Shelf life – 3 years.
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– Obsessive-compulsive disorder;
– Bulimic neurosis.
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